#### Page No 283:

#### Question 1:

In a cricket math, a batswoman hits a boundary 6 times out of 30 balls she plays. Find the probability that she did not hit a boundary.

#### Answer:

Number of times the batswoman hits a boundary = 6

Total number of balls played = 30

∴ Number of times that the batswoman does not hit a boundary = 30 − 6 = 24

Video Solution

#### Question 2:

1500 families with 2 children were selected randomly, and the following data were recorded:

Number of girls in a family | 2 | 1 | 0 |

Number of families | 475 | 814 | 211 |

Compute the probability of a family, chosen at random, having

(i) 2 girls (ii) 1 girl (iii) No girl

Also check whether the sum of these probabilities is 1.

#### Answer:

Total number of families = 475 + 814 + 211

= 1500

(i) Number of families having 2 girls = 475

(ii) Number of families having 1 girl = 814

(iii) Number of families having no girl = 211

Therefore, the sum of all these probabilities is 1.

Video Solution

#### Question 3:

In a particular section of Class IX, 40 students were asked about the months of their birth and the following graph was prepared for the data so obtained:

Find the probability that a student of the class was born in August.

#### Answer:

Number of students born in the month of August = 6

Total number of students = 40

#### Question 4:

Three coins are tossed simultaneously 200 times with the following frequencies of different outcomes:

Outcome | 3 heads | 2 heads | 1 head | No head |

Frequency | 23 | 72 | 77 | 28 |

If the three coins are simultaneously tossed again, compute the probability of 2 heads coming up.

#### Answer:

Number of times 2 heads come up = 72

Total number of times the coins were tossed = 200

Video Solution

#### Question 5:

An organization selected 2400 families at random and surveyed them to determine a relationship between income level and the number of vehicles in a family. The information gathered is listed in the table below:

Suppose a family is chosen, find the probability that the family chosen is

(i) earning Rs 10000 − 13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles.

(ii) earning Rs 16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle.

(iii) earning less than Rs 7000 per month and does not own any vehicle.

(iv) earning Rs 13000 − 16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles.

(v) owning not more than 1 vehicle.

#### Answer:

Number of total families surveyed = 10 + 160 + 25 + 0 + 0 + 305 + 27 + 2 + 1 + 535 + 29 + 1 + 2 + 469 + 59 + 25 + 1 + 579 + 82 + 88 = 2400

(i) Number of families earning Rs 10000 − 13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles = 29

Hence, required probability,

(ii) Number of families earning Rs 16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle = 579

Hence, required probability,

(iii) Number of families earning less than Rs 7000 per month and does not own any vehicle = 10

Hence, required probability,

(iv) Number of families earning Rs 13000 − 16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles = 25

Hence, required probability,

(v) Number of families owning not more than 1 vehicle = 10 + 160 + 0 + 305 + 1 + 535 + 2 + 469 + 1 + 579 = 2062

Hence, required probability,

#### Page No 284:

#### Question 6:

A teacher wanted to analyse the performance of two sections of students in a mathematics test of 100 marks. Looking at their performances, she found that a few students got under 20 marks and a few got 70 marks or above. So she decided to group them into intervals of varying sizes as follows: 0 − 20, 20 − 30… 60 − 70, 70 − 100. Then she formed the following table:

Marks | Number of student |

0 − 2020 − 3030 − 4040 − 5050 − 6060 − 7070 − above | 710102020158 |

Total | 90 |

(i) Find the probability that a student obtained less than 20 % in the mathematics test.

(ii) Find the probability that a student obtained marks 60 or above.

#### Answer:

Totalnumber of students = 90

(i) Number of students getting less than 20 % marks in the test = 7

Hence, required probability,

(ii) Number of students obtaining marks 60 or above = 15 + 8 = 23

Hence, required probability,

#### Question 7:

To know the opinion of the students about the subject *statistics*, a survey of 200 students was conducted. The data is recorded in the following table.

Opinion | Number of students |

likedislike | 13565 |

Find the probability that a student chosen at random

(i) likes statistics, (ii) does not like it

#### Answer:

Total number of students = 135 + 65 = 200

(i) Number of students liking statistics = 135

(ii) Number of students who do not like statistics = 65

Video Solution

#### Question 8:

The distance (in km) of 40 engineers from their residence to their place of work were found as follows.

5 | 3 | 10 | 20 | 25 | 11 | 13 | 7 | 12 | 31 |

19 | 10 | 12 | 17 | 18 | 11 | 32 | 17 | 16 | 2 |

7 | 9 | 7 | 8 | 3 | 5 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 3 |

12 | 14 | 2 | 9 | 6 | 15 | 15 | 7 | 6 | 12 |

What is the empirical probability that an engineer lives:

(i) less than 7 km from her place of work?

(ii) more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work?

(iii) within km from her place of work?

#### Answer:

(i) Total number of engineers = 40

Number of engineers living less than 7 km from their place of work = 9

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives less than 7 km from her place of work,

(ii) Number of engineers living more than or equal to 7 km from their place of work = 40 − 9 = 31

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work,

(iii) Number of engineers living within km from her place of work = 0

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives within km from her place of work, P = 0

#### Page No 285:

#### Question 9:

Note the frequency of two-wheelers, three-wheelers and four-wheelers going past during a time interval, in front of your school gate. Find the probability that any one vehicle out of the total vehicles you have observed is a two-wheeler.

#### Answer:

This is an activity based question. Students are advised to perform this activity by yourself.

#### Question 10:

Ask all the students in your class to write a 3-digit number. Choose any student from the room at random. What is the probability that the number written by her/him is divisible by 3? Remember that a number is divisible by 3, if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3.

#### Answer:

This is an activity based question. Students are advised to perform this activity by yourself.

#### Question 11:

Eleven bags of wheat flour, each marked 5 kg, actually contained the following weights of flour (in kg):

4.97 5.05 5.08 5.03 5.00 5.06 5.08 4.98 5.04 5.07 5.00

Find the probability that any of these bags chosen at random contains more than 5 kg of flour.

#### Answer:

Number of total bags = 11

Number of bags containing more than 5 kg of flour = 7

Hence, required probability,

#### Question 12:

Concentration of SO_{2} (in ppm) | Number of days (frequency ) |

0.00 − 0.04 | 4 |

0.04 − 0.08 | 9 |

0.08 − 0.12 | 9 |

0.12 − 0.16 | 2 |

0.16 − 0.20 | 4 |

0.20 − 0.24 | 2 |

Total | 30 |

The above frequency distribution table represents the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the air in parts per million of a certain city for 30 days. Using this table, find the probability of the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the interval 0.12 − 0.16 on any of these days.

#### Answer:

Number days for which the concentration of sulphur dioxide was in the interval of 0.12 − 0.16 = 2

Total number of days = 30

Hence, required probability,

#### Question 13:

Blood group | Number of students |

A | 9 |

B | 6 |

AB | 3 |

O | 12 |

Total | 30 |

The above frequency distribution table represents the blood groups of 30 students of a class. Use this table to determine the probability that a student of this class, selected at random, has blood group AB.

#### Answer:

Number of students having blood group AB = 3

Total number of students = 30

Hence, required probability,