Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods

Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods



Question 1

Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk. Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

          Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line


  1. Most workers living condition is very bad.
  2. They cannot afford permanent accommodation so sleep on pavements near the chowk or pay Rs. 6 a night for a bed at a nearby shelter run by Municipal Corporation.
  3. They do not have permanent jobs.
  4. Local tea and cigarette shops works as banks for them and also keep their tools for the night for safekeeping.
  5. Labours take loan from these shops.

Question 2

Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

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