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Chapter 6 – Lines and Angles

Lines and Angles

 

 

Page No 96:

Question 1:

In the given figure, lines AB and CD intersect at O. If and  find ?BOE and reflex ?COE.

Answer:

Video Solution

Page No 97:

Question 2:

In the given figure, lines XY and MN intersect at O. If ?POY =  and a:b = 2 : 3, find c.

Answer:

Let the common ratio between a and b be x.

a = 2x, and b = 3x

XY is a straight line, rays OM and OP stand on it.

? ?XOM + ?MOP + ?POY = 180º

b + a + ?POY = 180º

3x + 2x + 90º = 180º

5x = 90º

x = 18º

a = 2x = 2 × 18 = 36º

b = 3x= 3 ×18 = 54º

MN is a straight line. Ray OX stands on it.

b + c = 180º (Linear Pair)

54º + c = 180º

c = 180º – 54º = 126º

c = 126º

Question 3:

In the given figure, ?PQR = ?PRQ, then prove that ?PQS = ?PRT.

Answer:

In the given figure, ST is a straight line and ray QP stands on it.

? ?PQS + ?PQR = 180º (Linear Pair)

?PQR = 180º – ?PQS (1)

?PRT + ?PRQ = 180º (Linear Pair)

?PRQ = 180º – ?PRT (2)

It is given that ?PQR = ?PRQ.

Equating equations (1) and (2), we obtain

180º – ?PQS = 180 – ?PRT

?PQS = ?PRT

Video Solution

Question 4:

In the given figure, if then prove that AOB is a line.

Answer:

It can be observed that,

x + y + z + w = 360º (Complete angle)

It is given that,

x + y = z + w

x + y + x + y = 360º

2(x + y) = 360º

x + y = 180º

Since x and y form a linear pair, AOB is a line.

Question 5:

In the given figure, POQ is a line. Ray OR is perpendicular to line PQ. OS is another ray lying between rays OP and OR. Prove that

Answer:

It is given that OR ? PQ

? ?POR = 90º

? ?POS + ?SOR = 90º

?ROS = 90º – ?POS … (1)

?QOR = 90º (As OR ? PQ)

?QOS – ?ROS = 90º

?ROS = ?QOS – 90º … (2)

On adding equations (1) and (2), we obtain

2 ?ROS = ?QOS – ?POS

?ROS = (?QOS – ?POS)

Video Solution

Question 6:

It is given that ?XYZ = and XY is produced to point P. Draw a figure from the given information. If ray YQ bisects ?ZYP, find ?XYQ and reflex ?QYP.

Answer:

It is given that line YQ bisects ?PYZ.

Hence, ?QYP = ?ZYQ

It can be observed that PX is a line. Rays YQ and YZ stand on it.

? ?XYZ + ?ZYQ + ?QYP = 180º

? 64º + 2?QYP = 180º

? 2?QYP = 180º – 64º = 116º

? ?QYP = 58º

Also, ?ZYQ = ?QYP = 58º

Reflex ?QYP = 360º – 58º = 302º

?XYQ = ?XYZ + ?ZYQ

= 64º + 58º = 122º

Page No 103:

Question 1:

In the given figure, find the values of x and y and then show that AB || CD.

Answer:

It can be observed that,

50º + x = 180º (Linear pair)

x = 130º … (1)

Also, y = 130º (Vertically opposite angles)

As x and y are alternate interior angles for lines AB and CD and also measures of these angles are equal to each other, therefore, line AB || CD.

Video Solution

Page No 104:

Question 2:

In the given figure, if AB || CD, CD || EF and y: z = 3: 7, find x.

Answer:

It is given that AB || CD and CD || EF

? AB || CD || EF (Lines parallel to the same line are parallel to each other)

It can be observed that

x = z (Alternate interior angles) … (1)

It is given that yz = 3: 7

Let the common ratio between y and z be a.

y = 3a and z = 7a

Also, x + y = 180º (Co-interior angles on the same side of the transversal)

y = 180º [Using equation (1)]

7a + 3a = 180º

10a = 180º

a = 18º

x = 7a = 7 × 18º = 126º

Video Solution

Question 3:

In the given figure, If AB || CD, EF ? CD and ?GED = 126º, find ?AGE, ?GEF and ?FGE.

Answer:

It is given that,

AB || CD

EF ? CD

?GED = 126º

? ?GEF + ?FED = 126º

? ?GEF + 90º = 126º

? ?GEF = 36º

?AGE and ?GED are alternate interior angles.

? ?AGE = ?GED = 126º

However, ?AGE + ?FGE = 180º (Linear pair)

? 126º + ?FGE = 180º

? ?FGE = 180º – 126º = 54º

? ?AGE = 126º, ?GEF = 36º, ?FGE = 54º

Video Solution

Question 4:

In the given figure, if PQ || ST, ?PQR = 110º and ?RST = 130º, find ?QRS.

[Hint: Draw a line parallel to ST through point R.]

Answer:

Let us draw a line XY parallel to ST and passing through point R.

?PQR + ?QRX = 180º (Co-interior angles on the same side of transversal QR)

? 110º + ?QRX = 180º

? ?QRX = 70º

Also,

?RST + ?SRY = 180º (Co-interior angles on the same side of transversal SR)

130º + ?SRY = 180º

?SRY = 50º

XY is a straight line. RQ and RS stand on it.

? ?QRX + ?QRS + ?SRY = 180º

70º + ?QRS + 50º = 180º

?QRS = 180º – 120º = 60º

Video Solution

Question 5:

In the given figure, if AB || CD, ?APQ = 50º and ?PRD = 127º, find x and y.

Answer:

?APR = ?PRD (Alternate interior angles)

50º + y = 127º

y = 127º – 50º

y = 77º

Also, ?APQ = ?PQR (Alternate interior angles)

50º = x

x = 50º and y = 77º

Video Solution

Question 6:

In the given figure, PQ and RS are two mirrors placed parallel to each other. An incident ray AB strikes the mirror PQ at B, the reflected ray moves along the path BC and strikes the mirror RS at C and again reflects back along CD. Prove that AB || CD.

Answer:

Let us draw BM ? PQ and CN ? RS.

As PQ || RS,

Therefore, BM || CN

Thus, BM and CN are two parallel lines and a transversal line BC cuts them at B and C respectively.

??2 = ?3 (Alternate interior angles)

However, ?1 = ?2 and ?3 = ?4 (By laws of reflection)

? ?1 = ?2 = ?3 = ?4

Also, ?1 + ?2 = ?3 + ?4

?ABC = ?DCB

However, these are alternate interior angles.

? AB || CD

Video Solution

Page No 107:

Question 1:

In the given figure, sides QP and RQ of ?PQR are produced to points S and T respectively. If ?SPR = 135º and ?PQT = 110º, find ?PRQ.

Answer:

It is given that,

?SPR = 135º and ?PQT = 110º

?SPR + ?QPR = 180º (Linear pair angles)

? 135º + ?QPR = 180º

? ?QPR = 45º

Also, ?PQT + ?PQR = 180º (Linear pair angles)

? 110º + ?PQR = 180º

? ?PQR = 70º

As the sum of all interior angles of a triangle is 180º, therefore, for ?PQR,

?QPR + ?PQR + ?PRQ = 180º

? 45º + 70º + ?PRQ = 180º

? ?PRQ = 180º – 115º

? ?PRQ = 65º

Video Solution

Question 2:

In the given figure, ?X = 62º, ?XYZ = 54º. If YO and ZO are the bisectors of ?XYZ and ?XZY respectively of ?XYZ, find ?OZY and ?YOZ.

Answer:

As the sum of all interior angles of a triangle is 180º, therefore, for ?XYZ,

?X + ?XYZ + ?XZY = 180º

62º + 54º + ?XZY = 180º

?XZY = 180º – 116º

?XZY = 64º

?OZY =  = 32º (OZ is the angle bisector of ?XZY)

Similarly, ?OYZ = = 27º

Using angle sum property for ?OYZ, we obtain

?OYZ + ?YOZ + ?OZY = 180º

27º + ?YOZ + 32º = 180º

?YOZ = 180º – 59º

?YOZ = 121º

Video Solution

Question 3:

In the given figure, if AB || DE, ?BAC = 35º and ?CDE = 53º, find ?DCE.

Answer:

AB || DE and AE is a transversal.

?BAC = ?CED (Alternate interior angles)

? ?CED = 35º

In ?CDE,

?CDE + ?CED + ?DCE = 180º (Angle sum property of a triangle)

53º + 35º + ?DCE = 180º

?DCE = 180º – 88º

?DCE = 92º

Video Solution

Question 4:

In the given figure, if lines PQ and RS intersect at point T, such that ?PRT = 40º, ?RPT = 95º and ?TSQ = 75º, find ?SQT.

Answer:

Using angle sum property for ?PRT, we obtain

?PRT + ?RPT + ?PTR = 180º

40º + 95º + ?PTR = 180º

?PTR = 180º – 135º

?PTR = 45º

?STQ = ?PTR = 45º (Vertically opposite angles)

?STQ = 45º

By using angle sum property for ?STQ, we obtain

?STQ + ?SQT + ?QST = 180º

45º + ?SQT + 75º = 180º

?SQT = 180º – 120º

?SQT = 60º

Video Solution

Page No 108:

Question 5:

In the given figure, if PQ ? PS, PQ || SR, ?SQR = 28º and ?QRT = 65º, then find the values of x and y.

Answer:

It is given that PQ || SR and QR is a transversal line.

?PQR = ?QRT (Alternate interior angles)

x + 28º = 65º

= 65º – 28º

x = 37º

By using the angle sum property for ?SPQ, we obtain

?SPQ + x + y = 180º

90º + 37º + y = 180º

y = 180º – 127º

= 53º

x = 37º and y = 53º

Video Solution

Question 6:

In the given figure, the side QR of ?PQR is produced to a point S. If the bisectors of ?PQR and ?PRS meet at point T, then prove that ?QTR=?QPR.

Answer:

In ?QTR, ?TRS is an exterior angle.

?QTR + ?TQR = ?TRS

?QTR = ?TRS – ?TQR (1)

For ?PQR, ?PRS is an external angle.

?QPR + ?PQR = ?PRS

?QPR + 2?TQR = 2?TRS (As QT and RT are angle bisectors)

?QPR = 2(?TRS – ?TQR)

?QPR = 2?QTR [By using equation (1)]

?QTR = ?QPR

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