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Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government

Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government

 

 

Question 1

How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?

Answer

South Africa is a free country today. Maya can enjoy her life there as there no discrimination now on the basis of colour. All have equal rights.

Question 2

What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?

Answer

People can participate in the process of government today in many ways:

  • By writing letters to editors
  • By writing on social media
  • By participating in elections
  • By participating in mass protests
  • By participating in debates on television

Question 3

Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?

Answer

Government is equally important/required to find solutions to conflicts. If it would not be there the conflicts will never be resolved and these conflicts will take the shape of violence. So people should not be left over without government’s interference.

Question 4

What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?

Answer

The government takes the following actions to ensure that all people are treated equally:

  • All citizens are equal on the basis of caste, religion, gender and economic status.
  • People of backward classes are given reservation in Govt. jobs and colleges to make their Status equal to others.
  • Any act of discrimination against the Untouchables is punishable according to the law.

Question 5

Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a

democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are

equal.

Answer

  • All citizens are equal on the basis of caste, religion, gender and economic status.
  • People of backward classes are given reservation in Govt. jobs and colleges to make their status equal to others.
  • Any act of discrimination against the Untouchables is punishable according to the law.
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