Chapter 3 How the State Government Works

Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works


Question 1:

Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?


A state is divided into several constituencies on the basis of population. Every constituency elects one representative for the Legislative Assembly. The person elected as representative represents that particular constituency. He/She is called as a Member of Legislative Assembly Le. MLA. An MLA is elected through a general election. He/She may be a member of a recognised political party or independent. One who gets the maximum votes becomes the MLA of that constituency.


Question 2:

How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


The party which is elected in majority for the Legislative Assembly forms the government. As per constitutional provisions the ruling party elects its leader who is called the Chief Minister as the head of the government. The Chief Minister, in consultation with the Governor, constitutes a cabinet which includes members of his/her party as ministers. The MLAs who become ministers are allotted with a portfolio. Here the MLAs turned ministers become accountable for the entire state for that particular portfolio.


Question 3:

Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?


The decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers must be debated in the Legislative Assembly. It is because during debate it is discussed whether a particular decision is in interest of the people at large or net. It is also discussed whether it is urgent or not, how much would it cost the government, is there anything objectionable for any particular community, etc.


Question 4:

What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/actions was taken by the following? Pill in the table.

Public Meeting 
Legislative Assembly 
Press Conference 
Chief Minister 


Patalpuram was facing acute crisis of water

Public MeetingCondemned the government and showed protest put their demand to Govt.
Legislative AssemblyDiscussed the issue and decided the course of action
Press ConferenceThe health minister presented the plan of action initiated by Govt.
Chief MinisterVisited the village of patalpuram announced compensation to the affected families, also clarified the future action to solve the problem.


Question 5:

What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

Answer: The difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments is that every department is headed by a minister who is also an MIA. The minister approves any work done or proposed by the department. The department is responsible for the projections and completion of the work whereas MLAs or ministers coordinate between the Assembly and the departments.

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