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# Chapter 11 – Force and Pressure

## Force and Pressure

Q 1.

Give two examples of each situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects.SOLUTION:

(i) We apply brakes to a moving bicycle.
(ii) We pull a chair to change its position.Q 2.

Give two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object.SOLUTION:

(i) A lady making chapattis.
(ii) By pulling a rubber band suspended from hook/ nail fixed on a wall.Q 3.

Fill in the blanks in the following statements.
(A) To draw water from a well we have to_____ at the rope.
(B) A charged body _____ an uncharged body towards it.
(C) To move a loaded trolley we have to _____ it.
(D) The north pole of a magnet _____ the north pole of another magnet.SOLUTION:

(A) pull (B) attracts (C) push (D) repelsQ 4.

An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at the target. She then releases the arrow, which begins to move towards the target. Based on this information fill up the gaps in the following statements using the following terms.
muscular, contact, non-contact, gravity, friction, shape, attraction
(A) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its _____.
(B) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of ______force.
(C) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a ______ force.
(D) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to ______ and that due to ______ of air.SOLUTION:

(A) shape (B) muscular (C) contact (D) gravity, frictionQ 5.

In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.
(A) Squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers to extract its juice.
(B) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube. (C) A load suspended from a spring while its other end is on a hook fixed to a wall.
(D) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height.SOLUTION:

(A) The fingers are the agents, lemon is the object. The effect of force is the lemon juice being expelled by squeezing.
(B) The hand is the agent, toothpaste tube is object and the coming out of the paste from toothpaste tube is the effect of force.
(C) Suspended load is agent, spring is the object, the effect of force can be seen in the form of elongation of spring on suspension of load.
(D) Athlete is the agent, bar is the object. The force can be seen in the form of jump.Q 6.

A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making a tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?SOLUTION:

The force is applied due to hammering causes, change in shape of iron and iron can be moulded in the shape of the required tool.Q 7.

An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it has been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon sticks to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?SOLUTION:

Electrostatic force.Q 8.

Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.SOLUTION:

Gravitational and muscular forces are acting on a plastic bucket. The forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion because muscular force acts upward direction and gravitational force acts downward direction. Hence net force on bucket is zero.Q 9.

A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad.SOLUTION:

(i) Gravitational force. (ii) Frictional force.Q 10.

When we press the bulb of a dropper with its nozzle kept in water, air in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of bubbles. Once we release the pressure on the bulb, water gets filled in the dropper. The rise of water in the dropper is due to
(A) pressure of water.
(B) gravity of the earth.
(C) shape of rubber bulb.
(D) atmospheric pressure.SOLUTION:

(D) Atmospheric pressure.

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